The University of Toronto is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated north of the city's Financial District on the grounds that surround Queen's Park. It was founded by royal charter in 1827 as King's College, the first institution of higher learning in Upper Canada. Originally controlled by the Church of England, the university assumed the present name in 1850 upon becoming a secular institution. As a collegiate university, it comprises twelve colleges that differ in character and history, each retaining substantial autonomy on financial and institutional affairs.
The University of Toronto ranked as the nation's top medical-doctoral university in Maclean's magazine for twelve consecutive years between 1994 and 2005, and places 27th in the Academic Ranking of World Universities and 17th in the Times Higher Education ranking (the highest among Canadian universities in both cases). The university has educated two Governors General and four Prime Ministers of Canada, four foreign leaders, fourteen Justices of the Supreme Court, and has been affiliated with nine Nobel laureates. It has the largest financial endowment of any university in Canada, at $1.437 billion CAD in 2010.
The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in the Greater Vancouver area and in Kelowna, British Columbia. The 402-hectare (993-acre) main campus in the Greater Vancouver area is located in the University Endowment Lands on Point Grey, a peninsula about 10 km from downtown Vancouver, with smaller speciality and satellite campuses located at Great Northern Way and Robson Street, both in Vancouver proper. The 105-hectare (259-acre) Okanagan campus is situated about 20 minutes from downtown Kelowna. While the originating legislation created UBC on March 7, 1908, the first day of lectures was September 30, 1915. On September 22, 1925, lectures began on the new Point Grey campus. The enabling legislation are the University Act and the University Amendment Act, 2004.
The university is the oldest in British Columbia and has the largest enrolment with over 41,000 students at its Vancouver and Okanagan campuses combined.
In the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities, UBC placed 2nd in Canada, and 36th in the world. The 2010 Times Higher Education Rankings ranked UBC at 30th in the world, and also 2nd highest in Canada. In 2010, QS World University Rankings placed the university at 44th, the 3rd highest ranked in Canada.
The UBC library, which comprises 5.9 million books and journals, is the second-largest research library in Canada.
The University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Founded in 1908 by Alexander Cameron Rutherford, the first premier of Alberta and Henry Marshall Tory, its first president, it is widely recognized as one of the top universities in Canada. The main campus covers 50 city blocks with over 90 buildings directly across the North Saskatchewan River from downtown Edmonton. The enabling legislation is the Post-secondary Learning Act.
As of 2005 the continued economic boom in Alberta, driven mainly by high energy prices, had resulted in multi-billion dollar government fiscal surpluses. This led to the introduction of Bill 1 by the provincial government, which creates a $4.5 billion endowment for Alberta's post-secondary institutions.
The University of Alberta consistently ranks as one of the top universities in Canada. Historically the university has produced 65 Rhodes Scholars and 1 nobel laureate. In 2010 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 78th overall in the world. In October 2008, the University of Alberta was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean's newsmagazine. Later that month, the university was also named one of Alberta's Top Employers. The Globe and Mail's University Report Card reflects the opinions of 32,700 current undergraduates who responded to some 100 questions about their respective universities.